Conversational Glossary

Hey guys!

Okay, for some reason I thought I already posted this, but apparently I didn’t, so I’m going to start over again.

Here is a list of words which I have used in my blogs.  I’ve compiled them to help you build your vocabulary for conversation.  These words are more useful in day-to-day conversation than the technical words, and there will be a lot of them!

Like the Technical Glossary, I’ll be updating this one once in awhile, so be sure to check back!

Because this list will be so long, I’m going to format it differently.  It will look like this:

Word (part of speech): Japanese

– Meaning

“Example sentence”

Here you go!

A

Acceptable (adj): 容認できる

– Can be accepted

“Being late to work every day is unacceptable.”

Accurate(ly) (adj/adv): 適切な・に

– Within acceptable limits of a standard or fact

“This weight scale is very accurate, so it’s worth the purchase.”

Acquire (v): 習得する、身に付ける

– get by effort or experience

“The best way to acquire a language is to use it.”

Activity (n): 活発

– State of being active

“It’s important that children engage in activity for their growth.”

Adamant (adj): 断固とした

– very determined, not willing to shake, definite

“He was very adamant about drinking coffee at Starbucks instead of Cafe Veloce, I don’t know what his problem is.”

Address (v): 向けて言う

– Direct the attention to

“We really need to address this problem as soon as possible.”

Adopt (v): 採用する

– Take and follow

“We need to adopt a new plan, the old one isn’t working.”

Advantage(s) (n): 利益

– Something beneficial or favorable.

“Being good-looking is an advantage in life.”

Affect (v): 及ばす、影響する

– Have an influence in changing

“That movie affected me very deeply.”

Apply (v): 適用する

– Put into special use, put into action

“Don’t just memorize new vocabulary, apply it, too!

Approach(es) (n): 取り込み方

– A way or means to something; a method for dealing with something

“A deep learning approach is better than a surface one.”

Attractive (adj): 魅力的な

– Physically pleasing to look at

“Which actors do you think are most attractive?”

Autonomous (adj): 自治権のある

– Independent in mind, self-directed

“Letting children take care of themselves helps them become more autonomous.”

B

Beauty (n): 美しさ

– An appearance or feeling that people like.

“Some people find beauty in traditional Japanese temples.”

Beholder(s) (n): 見る人

– A person who looks at something.

“Whether or not this painting is beautiful depends on the beholder.”

Beneficial (adj): 有利な

– producing a favorable result

“They say exercise is beneficial to your health.”

Besides (prep): 以外に

– in addition to, other than, except for

“Besides soccer, I also play baseball and tennis.”

Bias (n): 偏見

– an unfair act based on prejudice

“Don’t make a decision based on bias.”

Biased (adj): 偏した

– showing bias

“Action movies often portray men and women in a biased way.”

Birthrate (n): 出生率

– The ratio of total births to total population; how many babies are born compared to the population

“The birthrate in Japan has steadily been going down.”

Bother (v): せがむ

– cause to be irritated or annoyed

“Your smoking is bothering me so please stop.”

Bow (v): お辞儀する

– Incline the body or head in greeting

“In Japan, people often bow to each other.”

Broadcast media (n): 電波媒体

– TV and radio

“In the U.S., the broadcast media is regulated so that it is appropriate for children.”

Broaden (v): 広める

– Make broad or broader

“Travel really broadens your horizons.”

C

Capable (adj): 可能、行う能力がある

– possible, having the ability to do

“You can rely on him, he’s a very capable guy.”

Cause (v): 引き起こす、もたらす

– Bring about, be the cause, be the reason

“The earthquake caused a lot of damage.”

Certain (adj): ある

– fixed, definite

Certain teachers are better at teaching conversation.”

Childhood (adj):   幼い

– The time or state of being a child

“I have very fond memories of my childhood.”

Citizen(s) (n): 公民

– A person who is a resident of a city or country

“I was born in Japan, but now I’m an American citizen.”

Close (adj): 親しい

– Feeling intimate, having a strong relationship

“She’s a very close friend, so I can tell her anything.”

Cognitive (adj): 認知の、認知的な

– relating to or about thinking

“Learning is a great cognitive experience.”

Combat (v): 闘争する

– struggle against

“We need to combat prejudice in any way we can.”

Commonalit(y/ies) (n): 共通点、共通性

– Something that is shared or common among two or more people

“Having commonalities is important for maintaining friendships.”

Compete (v): 競争する

– Strive against each other to win or get something

“I love to compete by playing sports.”

Competition (n): 競争

– Striving against others to win or get something.

Competition on Wall Street is fierce!”

Compulsory (adj): 義務的な

– Required, obligatory

“Education is compulsory in many countries in the world.”

Conservative (adj): 保守主義の

– preferring traditional views and values.

“My dad doesn’t want to see many changes in politics, he’s very conservative.”

Condition (v): 慣らす

– cause to be in a certain condition

“Schools condition us to be perfect instead of creative.”

Consider N… (v): 。。だと考える

– Think of s/o as s/t, Regard s/o as s/t

“I consider you my best friend.”

Considerate (adj): 思いやりのある

– Regarding the feelings or needs of others.

“Thank you for being so considerate, and I’m sorry I was so selfish.”

Consistent(ly) (adj/adv): いつもと同じ

– reliable, steady

“It’s important to study consistently if you want to improve.”

Contribute (v): 貢献する

– help bring about a result

“All the stress from work probably contributed to you getting a cold.”

Cosmetic (adj): 美顔用の

– Improving the physical appearance of something

“She’s considering getting cosmetic surgery to hide her wrinkles.”

Countless (adj): 無数の

– incapable of being counted; both countless and innumerable are basically the same.

“He has countless old records at home. I think he’s a collector!”

Curl (v): ひねる

– twist into a spiral shape

“When did you curl your hair?”

Curly (adj): 巻き毛の

– having or looking like curls

“My dog’s fur is very curly.”

Cut (off) (v): 切り捨てる

– Separate from, Discontinue

“My wife dislikes him, so I had to cut off our friendship.”

D

Date (v): 付き合う、デートする

– Go out with someone romantically

“When did you start dating?”

Deadline (n): 期限

– a time limit

“I need to give this to my teacher before the deadline.”

Deal (with) (v): 扱う

– take action on, do business with

“If you don’t deal with your problem now, it will just get worse.”

Deceased (adj): 死亡した

– Dead, passed away (very formal)

“My favorite author is J.R.R. Tolkien. Unfortunately, he’s deceased now.”

Define (v): 意味を説明する、定義する

– State the exact meaning of

“Each person defines beauty differently.”

Describe (v): 説明する

– Give an account or represent what s/t is

“Can you describe your best friend?”

Desire (n): 欲望

– The feeling of wanting of something

“You have to have a strong desire to succeed.”

Demonstration (n): デモ、示威運動

– publicly showing one’s opinion or view, usually in a group.

“We’re going to hold a demonstration downtown tonight, do you want to join?”

Desperate (adj): 必死

– extremely urgent, driven by great need or desire

“Ever since she turned 30 she became desperate to get married.”

Develop (v): 発展する

– Help s/t grow

“It takes time to develop a friendship.”

Development (n): 発展

– the state of being developed

“Technology has really advanced human development.”

Discrepancy (n): 不一致

– Something different, a disagreement

“There’s a discrepancy between your reported income and your spending.”

Discrimination (n): 差別

– treatment based on a group instead of an individual

“Hiring a man instead of a woman, if the woman is better at the job, is sexual discrimination.”

Discuss (v): 話し合う、論じる

– speak with another person or other people about

“I need to discuss this problem with you as soon as possible.”

Distinguish (v): はっきり区別する

– Know the difference or consider as different

“Some people say they can’t distinguish Japanese people from Chinese people.”

Distinction(s): (n) 区別

– Being different in a unique way

“Is there a distinction between ryokucha and macha?”

Distracting (adj): 気を散らす

– Causing to lose focus or attention

“Please turn off the TV while I study, it’s very distracting.”

Doable (adj): 行うことができる、簡単にできる

– Can be done, easy to do

“You want these translations finished by tomorrow?  It’ll be tough, but it’s doable.”

Domestic (adj): 家庭の

– relating to the house or family

“People have owls as pets?  Are they even domestic?”

Domestic animal (noun phrase): 家畜

– an animal kept by people, usually as a pet.

“I’m not sure if foxes are domestic animals, but some people keep them as pets.”

Drawback(s) (n): 不利益、欠点

– Something unfavorable or not beneficial.

“One of the drawbacks to living in the city is all the noise.”

E

Edible (adj): 食べられる

– something that can be eaten; something that was made to be eaten

“Is this yogurt still edible?  It smells really strange.”

Elaborate (v): 詳しく述べる

– explain in greater detail

“He didn’t really elaborate on his plans, so I’m not sure what he’s going to do.”

Eliminate (v): 除去する

– Get rid of, remove

“How can we eliminate poverty?”

Empowering (adj): 力付けた

– Give or provide power or motivation

“His speech was very empowering.”

Engage (v): 従事する

– Get involved in

“When you engage your mind in learning, you become smarter.”

Enhance (v): 高める

– Make better or stronger. add improvements

“I just enhanced my computer by putting in additional memory.”

Entrench (v): 立場を固める

– fix firmly or securely

“Don’t entrench yourself in your beliefs; be flexible.”

Ethics (n): 道義

– a set of principles of right behavior

“Our company has a code of ethics to make sure we treat our customers right.”

Evaluation (n): 評価

– Act of determining the value, importance or effectiveness of something

“The teacher gave us a level evaluation.”

Exactly (adv): 正確に、きっかり

– in an accurate manner

“I need to know exactly what he said.”

Excusable (adj): 申し訳の立つ

– Can be excused

“I’m sorry, but your behavior is inexcusable, so you have to leave now.”

Exist (v): 存在する

– continue to be real or true

“It’s hard to believe that slavery still exists in some parts of the world.”

Experiment (v): 実験をする、試す

– try something new, usually to get better

“If you want to get better at English, you have to experiment with new words and expressions.”

External (adj): 外面の

– related to or connected with the outside part

“It’s good to breathe in external air sometimes.”

Extreme (adj): 極端的

– beyond what is normal

“Communism is a bit extreme, don’t you think?”

Extremely (adv): そこぶった、とても

– very, highly

“It is extremely humid in the summer in Osaka.”

Extrinsic (adj): 外部の

– originally from outside

“They said his condition was from extrinsic causes.”

F

Factor(s) (n): 因子

– something that contributes to a result or process

“Consistency is a big factor in determining success.”

Fragile (adj): はかない

– lacking strength

“His confidence is fragile now, so be nice.”

Frustration (n): 欲求不満

– Feeling or state of discouragement or irritation

Frustration is a normal part of the learning process.”

Fund (v): お金を供給する

– Provide money

“Your purchase funded our school trip, thank you.”

Fur (n): 毛

– The hair covering the body of a mammal.

“Your dog has really long fur!”

G

Gender (n): 性

– sexual identity

“If women get paid less than men for the same job then there is no gender equality.”

Gesture (v): 身ぶりする

– Make a gesture, show by gesture

“Is that woman gesturing at us?”

Glean (v): 収集する

– collect or learn bit by bit

“You can glean a lot of useful English from movies.”

Government(s) (n): 政治

– An agency which administers policies and affairs of a state

“It seems like most people don’t trust the government nowadays.”

Grace (n): 優雅、気品

– Effortless and refined movement, form or behavior.

“The ballet dancer dances with grace.”

Greedy (adj): 欲張りの、貪欲な

– Wanting more than is reasonable.

“Hey, share some of the food! Don’t be so greedy!”

H

Habitat (n): 生息場所

– The area or environment where something or someone naturally lives.

“The jungle is a lion’s natural habitat.”

Hand-cooked (adj): 手作りの

– something that someone cooks by themselves.

“Did you like the food?  It was hand-cooked (by the chef).”

Harassing (adj): 悩ました、困らせた

– Causing irritation or discomfort

“That guy keeps sending me harassing messages, I wish he would stop.”

Helpful (adj): 助けになる

– Providing or offering help

“He fixed my broken sink for free!  He’s so helpful.”

A hermit (n): 仙人

– A person who lives alone, apart from society.

“When I retire, I’m going to become a hermit!”

Highly (adv): 激賞した

– with great admiration or respect

“He thinks very highly of his boss.”

Hobby-horse (n): 常にそこに戻る話題

– a subject or topic one is obsessed with

“English education is my current hobby horse.”

Hold: [手に] 持つ

– keep in one’s hand

Hold (on to) the hand rail while on the escalator.”

Honest (adj): 素直な、真実だけを言うこと

– Not telling lies

“I know you want to be honest but telling a woman her hair looks terrible is a bad idea.”

“How-to” book (n): 実用書

– A book that explains or teaches the reader how to do something.

“Did that how-to book you bought help you learn how to fix the sink?”

I

Identify (v): 把握する

– Figure out the nature or character of something or someone.

“Can you identify the person who stole your purse?”

Immature (adj): 未熟な

– Not fully grown or developed.

“She’s 28, but sometimes she acts like so immature you’d think she’s 16.”

Implement (v): 実行する

– carry out

“How do you intend to implement this plan?”

Incremental(ly) (adj/adv): 増加した

– increasing step by step

“If you are incrementally improving, then you’re doing a good job.”

Indefinitely (adv): 無期限に

– the ending time is not determined

“He said he’s leaving Japan indefinitely.”

Independence (n): 自立

– Ability to take care of oneself

“It is important to teach children independence to prepare them for adult life.”

Infrastructure (n): インフラストラクチャー

The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for a society (transportation, water, electricity, gas, etc.)

“The earthquake destroyed most of the town’s infrastructure.”

Innumerable (adj): 無数の

– incapable of being counted; both countless and innumerable are basically the same.

“He has innumerable old records at home. I think he’s a collector!”

Inspired (adj): 鼓舞された

– excited or guided by inspiration

“I felt inspired to join a volunteer group recently.”

Insult (n): 侮辱

– Something that gives offense, offend

“In America, raising your middle finger to someone is an insult.”

Insulting (adj): 侮辱的な

– Expressing disrespect or rudeness

““Go to hell” is an insulting expression in English.”

Integrate (v): 統一する

– join with something else, unite

“If you can integrate your grammar and vocabulary together, you’ll be a good English speaker.”

Internal (adj): 内面の

– related to or connected with the inside part

“I think your computer is having some internal complications.”

Intrinsic (adj): 内部の

– originating from inside

“When motivation is intrinsic, you never run out of it!”

Issue(s) (n): 論点

– a matter or matters of public concern

“Equality is a very important (public) issue.”

J

Judgment (n): 判断

– Act of judging

“You don’t have the right to pass judgment on others.”

L

Lax (adj): 厳しくない、手ぬるい

– Lacking in strictness, slack

“The security in this place is so lax, anybody can get in easily.”

Lengthy (adj): 長々しい

– considerably long; long and boring

“That novel is really lengthy, how long will it take to read it?”

Liberating (adj): 自由にする

– Setting free

“Being on vacation is liberating.”

Likeable (adj): 好かれやすい

– Easy to like

“You will love her new boyfriend, he’s very likeable.”

Limiting (adj): 制限した

– Acting as a limit

“If your beliefs are limiting, you won’t be able to accomplish much.”

Linear (adj): 直線的な

– In the shape of the line, unmoving

“Improvement doesn’t occur on linear plane.”

Long-Distance (adj): 遠距離の

– between two distant places

“My best friend moved to America, so now he’s a long-distance friend.”

Longevity (n): 寿命

– length of life

“If you want to increase your longevity, you need to eat healthier.

M

Maintain (v): 維持する

– Keep up, continue, preserve, keep in good condition

“I’ve maintained several of my childhood friendships even as an adult.”

Manageable (adj): 扱いやすい、管理できる

– Can be managed, easy to manage

“A smaller house is more manageable than a larger one.”

Mature (adj): 十分に発達した

– showing characteristics typical of a well-developed adult

“Trying to get revenge isn’t very mature; just move on.”

Measure(s) (n): 処置

– a necessary action or necessary actions

“If a country accumulates too much debt, what measures will be taken?”

Meme(s) (n): ミーム

– A meme is a funny image, video or text that is copied and spread around the internet.

“Have you seen that meme about the cats?”

Misconception(s) (n): 誤解

– a false or mistaken view

“High school causes students to have misconceptions about learning.”

Moderate (adj): 穏健な

– against radical or extreme ideas

“Too much change is dangerous, we need to be more moderate.”

Mold (v): 陶冶する

– guide or influence the growth of someone

“Teachers mold the minds of their students.”

N

Never-ending (adj): 終わりのない

– something that does not end; extremely long

“Sometimes it seems like my problems are never-ending.”

Noticeable (adj): すぐに気付く、顕著な

– Easy to notice, can be noticed

“You have lost a noticeable amount of weight, good job!”

O

Obey (v): 服従する

– carry out or comply with a command

“It is important that soldiers obey their superiors.”

Objective(ly) (adj/adv): 客観的な

– Existing independent on the mind

“Think objectively about your mistakes, that will help improve.”

Obstacle(s) (n): 障害、障害物

– Something in the way of progress

“There are lots of obstacles on the way to growth.”

Offensive (adj): 侮辱的な

– causing someone to become angry or upset

“Please don’t tell any of your offensive jokes to our new friends.”

Ongoing (adj): 進行中の

– currently taking place; in progress

“Learning is an ongoing process.”

P

Paradigm (n): 見方

– A set of assumptions

“If you are pessimistic, you might want to consider your paradigm.”

Parameter(s) (n): 制限範囲

– a factor that determines the range of possibilities

“It’s important to set parameters for children’s behavior.”

Part(y/ies) (n): 政党

– An established political group

“Do you know how many parties there are in Japan?”

Pass Away (phrasal v): なくなる

– die (polite, formal)

“I was very sorry to hear your grandfather passed away.”

Passive(ly) (adj/adv): 受動性の

– Receiving stimulation without responding actively

“Many people think listening is a passive activity, but it’s not.”

Pattern(s) (n): 様式、傾向

– something that happens consistently

“In order to overcome your bad habits, you have to recognize your patterns of behavior.”

Patriotism (n): 愛国心

– Love of one’s country

“Having a national flag in one’s home shows patriotism.”

Penalty (n): 刑罰

– a punishment required for breaking a rule, usually money.

“What is the penalty for driving through a red light in Japan?”

Personality (n): 性格

– All the inner traits of a person.

“Being attractive isn’t enough, you need to have a good personality, too.”

Plastic Surgery (n): 形成外科

– Surgery to restore or repair external body parts.

“Do you think plastic surgery will make me look more beautiful?”

Point (v): 指を指す

– Aim or direct one’s finger at someone or something

“You shouldn’t point directly at people, it’s rude.”

Pop culture (n): 大衆文化

– Culture that we learn from the media, like TV, movies, YouTube or even popular books.

“If you don’t know the pop culture of a country it’s hard to understand their jokes.”

Poverty (n): 貧乏

– The state of being poor.

“Nobody wants to live in poverty.”

Prejudice (n): 先入観

– unreasonable, preconceived ideas or judgments

“Jackie Robinson overcame racial prejudice in America and become one of the most famous baseball players of all time.”

Prestigious (adj): 名声のある

– having a high/good reputation

“The Nobel prize is one of the most prestigious prizes in the world.”

Print media (n): 印刷媒体

– Newspapers and magazines

“Where do you get your news from, broadcast media or print media?”

Printable (adj): 印刷できる

– Can be printed, easy to print

“These worksheets are printable, so you can make copies of them easily.”

Process (n): 過程

– A series of actions that lead to a certain result

“Learning is a life-long process.”

Progressive (adj): 前進的な

– preferring progress towards better or different views or values

“President Obama is trying to change healthcare and welfare, he’s very progressive.”

Promising (adj): 末頼もしい

– Likely to develop into something great.

“If he keeps doing this well, his future looks promising.”

Protest (v): 異議を申し立てる

– formally showing or expression disapproval

“I often see people protesting nuclear weapons on the street.”

Proverb(s) (n): 諺

– A short and common or popular saying.

“A very popular proverb in Japanese is 知らぬは仏.”

Q

Qualit(y/ies) (n): 特性

A characteristic or trait, something used to describe something else

“Honesty is an important quality in a friend.”

R

Racial (adj): 人種上の、人種間の

– about or related to race

“Segregation is an example of racial discrimination.”

Radical (adj): 急進的な

– preferring revolutionary changes

“America has been a democratic republic for a long time, changing it to a communist state is pretty radical!”

Rational/Irrational (adj): 合理的な・不合理な

– (not) Based on reason; logical

“Smoking is not a rational habit.”

Record(s) (n): 世評

– An unsurpassed measurement.

“The record for eating a 72 ounce steak the fastest is three minutes.”

Reflect (v): 熟考する、反省する

– Consider seriously and carefully

“It’s important to not only study, but reflect on your studying.”

Regard (v): 見なす

– consider in a particular way

“She regards me very highly.”

Reputation (n): 評判,世評

– what other people think of someone or something

“He doesn’t have a very good reputation.  He needs to improve it.”

Restricting (adj): 制限した

– preventing from going past certain limits

“Living in small town is kind of restricting.”

Retain (v): 記憶する

– Keep in mind, memorize

“It’s hard to retain all this vocabulary for a test.”

Reunion(s) (n): 再会の集い

A gathering of people who have been separated for a long time.

“I saw lots of old friends at my high school reunion.”

Revolutionary (adj): 革命的な

– resulting in a radical change

“America’s independence was revolutionary at the time.”

Reward (n): 報い、ほうび

– a satisfying consequence of good behavior

“A nice bath is a good reward for a day of hard work.”

Rewarding (adj): 価値のある

– Providing satisfaction

“Sometimes just working really hard is a rewarding experience by itself.”

(The) Rich (n) : 裕福層, 富裕層

– People who have a lot of money.

“Where do the rich live?”

Role(s) (n): 役

– expected behavior of an individual based on his or her position in society

“I think my favorite role in life is being a father.”

Rural (adj): 田舎の

– relating to the countryside

“Shiga is a very rural area.”

S

Saying(s) (n): 諺、格言

– A proverb or maxim

“‘Look before you leap’ is my favorite saying.”

Self-Esteem (n): 自尊

– Respect or pride in oneself.

“It is hard to be happy if you don’t have any self-esteem.”

Self-reliance (n): 自立

– Relying on one’s own abilities

“Children should develop self-reliance at an early age.”

Setback(s) (n): 頓挫、逆行

– an unexpected stop in progress, a change from better to worse

“It’s normal to experience setbacks in progress.”

Sign Language (n): 手話

– A language used by making signs with one’s hands

“How do you say your name in sign language?”

Signal (v): 合図する

– Make a sound or gesture to someone to communicate

“How do I signal a waiter in the US?”

Skill(s) (n): 技能、技術

– trained or developed ability

“He has some skill at speaking English.”

Slither (V): 滑るように進む

– glide or slide; describes the way a snake moves

“The snake slithered across the grass.”

Slithery (adj): つるつるした、狡猾な

– Literal meaning: to be slippery, to slide a lot

– Figurative meaning: tricky, clever, cunning (negative!)

“Snakes are slithery.”

“That guy is very slithery.  I don’t trust him.”

Societ(y/ies) (n): 社会

– all social relationships between people

“People couldn’t survive without the benefits of society.”

Spend (v): 過ごす

– Use, specifically time or money.

“Some women spend hours putting make up on every day.”

“I spent way too much money in Vegas.”

Spread (v): 広がる、流布する

– Distribute widely, stretch out

“The news spread across the country quickly.”

Stray (adj): はぐれた

– have wandered away from one’s natural habitat or home

“The stray tourist found her way back to the hotel after a few hours.”

Stray animal (noun phrase): 野良ー

– an animal which has wandered away from one’s natural habitat or home

“There are a lot of stray cats in my neighborhood.”

Support (v): 支える

– Provide for or maintain by giving money or resources

“We need to support each other sometimes.”

T

Take care of (phrasal verb): 大事にする

– take control of, make sure s/t or s/o is ok

“If you don’t take care of your problems now, they’ll just get worse.”

Task(s) (n): すること、仕事

– a piece of work to be completed

“Washing the dishes is one of my tasks at work.”

Taxes (n): 税

– A required contribution for support of one’s government.

“I heard the sales tax [消費税] went up recently.”

Think of (v): 考える、思い浮かべる

– Choose in one’s mind

“Can you think of a good movie to watch tonight?”

Thrilling (adj): ワクワクさせる

– causing to feel pleasure, exciting greatly

“Having a conversation in a foreign language is thrilling.”

Toward(s) (prep): に向かって、のほうに

– in the direction of

“Negotiation is the first step towards peace.”

Trade-off (n): より有利なもの得るために何かを差し出す取引

– Accept something bad in order to get something good.

“I got a smaller car because it consumes less fuel, even though it’s a little less comfortable.  I think it’s a good trade-off.”

Trait(s) (n): 特性

– A feature or aspect of one’s personality or character.

“Honesty is a very important character trait.”

Trick (n): 芸当

– a special skill

“Your dog is smart!  Can he do any tricks?”

Tuck into (phrasal verb): 寛大に食べる

– eat in an enjoyable way

“After a hard day of work, I like to tuck into a good meal.”

U

Understanding (adj): 物分かりが良い

– Appreciating the thoughts or feelings of others.

“I thought he would never forgive me, but he was so understanding.”

Unequal (adj): 平等ではない

– Not equal.

“The pay at that place is still unequal, someone should complain.”

Unfair(ly) (adj/adv): 不公平な・に

– not justly or evenly

“I don’t appreciate how unfairly you treat me.”

Unique (adj): 唯一の

– The only one of its kind

“Every country has its own unique culture.”

Universal (adj): 世間一般の

– Related to or the same everywhere in the world

“Some gestures are universal, like waving at someone to greet them.”

V

Valuable (adj): 価値の高い、重要な、高価な

– Easy to value; important

“These photos of my childhood are very valuable to me, please don’t lose them.”

Value (v): 大事にする、尊ぶ

– regard highly, think s/t or s/o is important

“If you don’t value your friends and family, you could lose them.”

Variable (adj): 可変の、変わられる

– Can vary; varies easily

“The quality of the food at that cafe is variable, so I don’t recommend it.”

Virtually (adv): 実質的に、ほとんど

– Almost but not quite, practically

Virtually no Japanese people speak English fluently.”

Visible (adj): 目に見える

– Possible to see, can be seen

“Even from this distance, the building is visible.”

Vital (adj): 重要な

– Necessary for the effectiveness of something

“Creating consistent habits is vital to improvement.”

Vote (v): 投票する

– Express preference for a candidate or  resolution of an issue

“I’m going to vote at the next election.”

Vote(s) (n): 投票

– The act of voting

“Every vote counts.”

W

Wealthy (adj): 裕福な

– Having a lot of money.

“When I grow up, I want to be wealthy.”

Welfare (n): 福祉

– Financial aid provided by the government.

“Does Japan care about welfare?”

Whole (adj): 全体の

– not divided, as one piece/part

“Did you eat the whole pizza by yourself?”

Wild (adj): 野育ちの

– not domestic or tame

“He went wild when he saw another guy talking to his girl.”

Wild animals (expression): 野生動物

– animals which are not or cannot be tamed or domesticated

“You can see wild animals in the zoo.”

Workplace (n): 仕事場

– a place where a person works

“Most people’s workplace is an office.”

Y

Yearbook(s) (n): 卒業アルバム

– a memorial book published once a year, usually in high schools and usually at the end of the year, that has information on what happened that year.

“Sometimes I like to look through my old yearbooks and remember my days in high school.”

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