Bias and Prejudice Lexis and Questions

Here are the lexis and questions for our next discussion group (May 12th, 13th and 18th).

 

Bias and Prejudice Lexical Set

Nouns
  • Bias: an unfair act based on prejudice

Ex: Don’t make a decision based on bias.

  • Development: the state of being developed

Ex: Technology has really advanced human development.

  • Discrimination: treatment based on a group instead of an individual

Ex: Hiring a man instead of a woman, if the woman is better at the job, is sexual discrimination.

  • Gender: sexual identity

Ex: If women get paid less than men for the same job then there is no gender equality.

  • Issue(s): a matter or matters of public concern

Ex: Equality is a very important (public) issue.

  • Measure(s): a necessary action or necessary actions

Ex: If a country accumulates too much debt, what measures will have to be taken?

  • Prejudice: unreasonable, preconceived ideas or judgments

Ex: Jackie Robinson overcame racial prejudice in America and become one of the most famous baseball players of all time.

  • Role(s): expected behavior of an individual based on his or her position in society

Ex: I think my favorite role is being a father.

  • Societ(y/ies): all social relationships between people

Ex: People couldn’t survive without the benefits of society.

  • Workplace: a place where a person works

Ex: Most people’s workplace is an office.

Verbs
  • Affect: have an influence on

Ex: Our society affects us greatly.

  • Combat: struggle against

Ex: We need to combat prejudice in any way we can.

  • Discuss: speak with another person or other people about

Ex: I need to discuss this problem with you as soon as possible.

  • Exist: continue to be real or true

Ex: It’s hard to believe that slavery still exists in some parts of the world.

  • Implement: carry out

Ex: How do you intend to implement this plan?

  • Regard: consider in a particular way

Ex: She regards me very kindly.

  • Treat: act in a certain manner towards someone

Ex: In Japan, people sometimes treat customers like gods.

Adjectives
  • Biased: showing bias

Ex: Action movies often portray men and women in a biased way.

  • High(ly): with great admiration or respect

Ex: He thinks very highly of his boss.

  • Racial: related to race

Ex: Segregation is an example of racial discrimination.

  • Unfair(ly): not justly or evenly

Ex: I don’t appreciate how unfairly you treat me.

Expressions
  • Be (highly) regarded: be considered as someone respectable or admirable

Ex: Celebrities are usually highly regarded in society.

 

Questions:

  1. What is prejudice?
  2. Are women and men both highly regarded in Japan? Why or why not?
  3. Are there gender role bias issues in Japan? What are they?
  4. Is there racial discrimination in Japan?
  5. Is there any kind of discrimination in the workplace in Japan? If so, what kind?
  6. What other kinds of prejudice exist in society?
  7. Does prejudice affect the development of a country?
  8. What measures has your government implemented to combat discrimination? Do you think it should? Should it do less or more?
  9. Do you think we need to discuss issues about prejudice? If so, what kind and why? If not, why not?
  10. Why does prejudice exist?
  11. What prejudices or biases do you have?

Let me know if you don’t understand anything!  Take care, and hope to see you next week!

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